Arvalem Caves date back to the 5th to 6th century and reflects a picture of the rich and varied history of Goa. A visit to Arvalem Caves promises an intriguing and enriching experience of the history. Also referred to as the Pandava Caves; these caves are believed to have inhabited by Pandavas (from the Hindu epic The Mahabharata) during their exile.
The lingas present in four different shrines have fueled a debate whether the caves primarily belong to Buddhists or Brahman. The shafts of these four crafted lingas resemble the shafts found in Elephanta, and Ajanta and Ellora caves in Maharashtra. There are some characters carved on the second linga that belong to the Sanskrit and Brahmiscript that existed in the 7th Century. There are two major caves and a residential chamber in the hill which had been excavated from a laterite hill