Straddling several high peaks and overlooking a comparatively flat valley in the Chitradurga District, the Chitrakaldurga or Chitradurga fort is an oft visited sightseeing attraction in the state of Karnataka.
This impressive fort was constructed in two stages in the 17th and 18th centuries. Rulers belonging to the Chalukyas , Rashtrakutas and Hoysalas; Nayakas of Chitradurga ; as well as the feudal lords of Vijayanagar Empire were instrumental in the cause of building the fort. The Palegar Nayakas or the Nayakas of Chitradurga were dedicated towards expanding the fort between the 15th-18th centuries. They were later defeated in a fierce battle that took place with Hyder Ali in the same district in 1779. This fort was later strengthened and expanded and by Hyder Ali and his heir/ successor Tipu Sultan.
This fort has seven concentric fortification walls, many passages, a masjid, a citadel, warehouses for grains, ancient temples, interconnecting tanks and water reservoirs. The fort boasts of 18 temples in its upper parts and a huge one in the lower levels. Hidimbeshwara temple is the most important among the lot.