Delhi hasn’t habitually been India’s capital but, as an entrance city, it has long performed a pivotal role. It was constructed on the flat lands beside a fording issue on the Yamuna River, and on the path between western and centered Asia and Southeast Asia. It’s accepted to be the location of the fabled town of Indraprastha, which featured in the Mahabharata more than 3000 years ago, but chronicled clues proposes that the area has been resolved for a mere 2500 years.
At least eight known cities have been founded here. The first four towns of Delhi were to the south, around the area where the Qutub Minar now stands. The fifth Delhi, Firozabad, was at Firoz Shah Kotla, while Emperor Sher Shah created the sixth at Purana Qila (both in present-day New Delhi). The Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan, constructed the seventh Delhi in the 17th century; his Shahjahanabad roughly corresponds to Old Delhi today. In 1911, the British broadcast the moving of their capital from Kolkata (Calcutta) and proceeded to build New Delhi, which was inaugurated in 1931.
Only 16 years subsequent, the British were out, and Delhi became the capital of an independent India. Since Independence, the capital has prospered. The downside of this boom is chronic overcrowding, lodgings shortages, contamination, traffic jamming, and ever more extreme contrasts between wealthy and poor