The story of Gujarat starts with Somnath temple which according to popular belief has witnessed the formation of this universe. The state has a lot of significance in the context of Mahabharata as many of the Lord Krishna’s life events took place in various parts of it. If we talk about Indus Valley civilization that existed nearly 4000 years ago -
Lothal and Dholavira (in Kachchh region), were the important places in that civilization. In more recent history, Emperor Ashoka was also a part of the state as the rocks near Junagadh depicted. Gujarat also witnessed inception of Jainism which is an important part of Gujarati culture today.The religion first observed its foundation by the grandson of Emperor Ashoka in the state of Saurashtra only which is now a part of GujaraAround 1300, Ala-ud-din Khilji brought Gujarat under Delhi Sultanate. Before that Gujarat was ruled by Solanki dynasty from 10th century until that happened. This time is considered to be the Golden Age in the history of Gujarat when the culture flourished and the new traditions were born. After that Gujarat was attacked my Mughals in around 1570 and was ruled by them until Marathas entered. The Marathas came here in the eighteenth century and occupied eastern and central Gujarat. When the British arrived, they set up their first Indian trading route through the coast of Surat in 1614. Later in the 19th century, British rule replaced the Marathas and the colonial era began. Most of the rulers of the princely states of then Gujarat got the autonomy under the British rule under certain conditions. Even during the struggle for independence, Gujarat has witnessed the important events. Mahatma Gandhi was from this state and therefore he led the nation from this state on many occasion
After independence of India, some eastern parts of Gujarat came under Bombay state. However in 1960, Bombay state was divided in to two states based on the languages – Gujarati speaking Gujarat and Marathi speaking Maharashtra. It is how the state of Gujarat actually came in to existence which we see today.
In 2002, Gujarat witnessed one of the shameful acts in the history in the name of religion. The Muslim mob was held responsible for setting up a train compartment on fire at Godhra. It killed 59 Hindu activists. The communal violence thus began and the Hindu activists retaliated and killed many Muslims in the state. There were repeated clashes between the two communities and a number of people died during these incidents. In 2011, Gujarat court gave a verdict on Godhra issue and sentenced 11 people to death and 20 to life imprisonment for setting the train on fire. The communal violence is still remembered as one of the shameful things that have ever happened in the country.
After this incidence, Gujarat has progressed smoothly and hasn’t witnessed any communal issues after that. The industries have shown tremendous growth and the overall growth rate of Gujarat is among the best states of India. In 2008, Tata Nano’s project was secured at Sanand near Ahmedabad. The industrial growth has been combined with the good literacy rate and more job opportunities. The state of Gujarat has surged on to the map of India as an important contributor towards the economy. As it continues to grow further, time is not far when you will find Gujaratis everywhere and contributing in all parts of the country in their own way. Gujaratis like their food are also very well known for their sweet behavior.