What is the history and culture of Calicut( Kozhikode)?
Posted on Dec 11, 2013 by sushma.yadav
Calicut located near Malabar Coast in the state of Kerala has a very interesting historical past. Knowing the history will definitely enrich your stay over here. It was known for its prosperity and beautiful physical features and thus attracting travelers from various parts of Globe( Arab Countries, China, Europe).
This city of Calicut has been known by various names Calicut to British and Arabs called it Kalikut. The earliest rulers of this pace are believed to be Zamorins( Samoothri in Malayalm) who ruled this city before British took over.
Vasco de Gama the famous traveler landed in this city in May 1498. This city has been visited by famous travelers like Ibn Battuta (1342–1347, Ma Huan (1403 AD), Afanasy Nikitin(1468–74)(Russia) and many more and each one of them have written about their wonderful experiences of this city.
Now it is considered to be a part of the second largest urban agglomeration in Kerala. The mother tongue of the people over here is Malayalam. Many prominent writers of Malayalam literature hail from Calicut. Among them are S. K. Pottekkatt, Thikkodiyan, U. A. Khader, K. T. Muhammed, Akbar Kakkattil, N. V. Krishna Warrier, N.N. Kakkad, M.P.Veerendra Kumar, P. Valsala .
The spice, tea and textiles are still an integral part of local economy of this city. People over here are very simple hearted and they really cherish their local customs, dance forms and festivals.