What is the history of Goa?
Posted on Dec 16, 2013 by sushma.yadav
Goa was a part of the Mauryan Empire in the 3rd century. This was later ruled by the Satavahanas of Kolhapur and then was taken over by the Chalukyas of Badami from AD 580 to 750. Not many people are aware that even the Muslims took over Goa in 1312, however they did not like the beach much and then left in 1370, as they were forced to leave by Harihara I of the Vijayanagar empire.
Over the next 100 years Goa’s harbours were important places where the ships would stop while they carried the Arabian horses for the Vijayanagar cavalry. Goa was an ideal location for the seafaring Portuguese as it was surrounded by natural harbours and wide rivers, as they arrived in 1510 and they aimed at controlling the spice route from the East.
St Francis Xavier, who led the missionaries, arrived in 1542. Initially the intent of the Portuguese was to control a small area around Old Goa, however by the middle of the 16th century, they had expanded their control to the provinces of Bardez and Salcete.
The Maratha clan, who controlled much of India at various points in time, almost disappeared. For a little while the Britishers invaded Goa, during the Napoleonic Wars in Europe, However, in 1961, when the Indian army marched into Goa, Portuguese occupation finally came to its end on the subcontinent. Today Goa as a state has India’s highest per capita income, with a lot of stress being laid on farming, fishing, tourism and iron-ore mining forming the basis of its economy.