Madurai is one of the oldest cities in south India. If we go by the ancient documents in Tamil and Greek, the existence of Madurai dates back to as old as 4th century. The city was popular for its trade and especially the spices. It was also the home for Sangam which was an academy for Tamil poets. The city observed the rule of various rulers over the period of time. The main rulers were – the Cholas, the Pandyas, Muslim invaders, Hindu Vijaynagar Kings, and the Nayaks. The Sri Meenakshi Temple was built during the reign of Tirumalai Nayak during the seventeenth century. Due to this temple, Madurai became an important place for the Hindu pilgrims. The place has played a crucial role in the development of Tamil language. There used to be an old fort surrounding the city which was destroyed by British East India Company in the year of 1840. The old city is home to a variety of experiences and the rich colors of the city will make you fall in love with it.