What is the history of Pondicherry?
Posted on Dec 17, 2013 by sushma.yadav
Pondicherry was more commonly known as the capital of the regal and imposing empires. There is a very strong French influence in Pondicherry as the French inhabited the city for a very long time before they finally left in 1954. They left behind their rich culture, architectural, as well as linguistic imprints.
The history of the city goes back prior to the French settlement. This goes back to the 1st century and is even listed in the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea. It was the base for various civilizations, due to its maritime trade potential.
All through the 4rth till the 13th centuries, Pondicherry was a part of the Pallava Kingdom, the Pndya Kingdom and then the Chola Kingdom and the Pandya Kingdom. After being ruled by the Mughals, who set up the Sultanate, for a very short span of time, Pondicherry finally became a part of the Vijaynagar Empire, which took over almost all of South India that lasted till 1638.
After a small rule by the Sultan of Bijapur, the French East India Company then established their trading center in Pondicherry in 1674, and this marked the beginning the era of colonial settlement here. There were many conflicts which took place between the French, Dutch and British. The rule in Pondicherry changed many a times but eventually it was the French who kept on retuning back time and again. In 1954 the bureaucracy of Pondicherry finally united with India and it was thus declared a Union Territory in 1963.
Pondicherry, is also known as Puducherry and the place has beautiful beaches, and a subtle beauty.