What is the history of Punjab?
Posted on Dec 12, 2013 by sushma.yadav
Even though a lot of us know that the Sikh heritage of Punjab is what has made it so famous it is important to know that this area actually formed a part of the Indus Valley Civilization around 4000 years back which was established by the Harappans. Excavations at sites such as Sanghol near Ludhiana have revealed Buddhist relics which were linked to the Mauryan dynasty while the Kurukshetra has more than 360 such sites which lie within a 92 km radius. There has been mention of the land of Punjab in mythological texts such as the Mahabharata and there are also beliefs that Valmiki had written some part of the Ramayana in the Sri Ram Tirath Ashram which is located near Amritsar.
A lot of kings such as Darius from Persia and Alexander the Great had come to Punjab before they suffered defeats but this area was frequented by the Mughals regularly and Panipat was considered as one of the most famous battlegrounds in the old times. At the time of the partition in the year 1947 Punjab was one of the few areas where thousands of people died. The state suffered again at the hands of the Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in the year 1984 when she ordered removal of the Sikh extremists who wanted a separate state for their people by the name of Khalistan. She ordered the forcible removal of these leaders from the Golden Temple which led to furious clashes between the Hindus and the Sikhs. She was assassinated the very same year within the vicinity of her Delhi abode by two of her own Sikh bodyguards.