What is the history of Tamil Nadu?
Posted on Mar 13, 2014 by sushma.yadav
It is believed that the Dravidians were the first people who came where, who were a part of Indus valley civilizations. They came here around 1500 BC. The region slowly prospered and underwent the control of many dynasties like Cholas, Pandyas and Cheras. By 300 BC, all three dynasties were ruling in the eastern, central and western regions of Tamil Nadu. Then began the golden age of Tamil culture during which the Tamil literature grew splendidly. This is known as Sangam Age.
The Sangam Age left a deep impact on Tamil culture that can still be seen. Later in the 7th and 8th centuries when Pallavas were ruling the state, they constructed many notable monuments. However there were constant struggles between various rulers, yet their common Dravidian culture helped the civilization to grow at a fast pace and never interfered with it. Then came the British in 1640 when they first established their trading post in Madraspatnam which is now known as Chennai. They were followed by French, Dutch and Danes but the fights amongst them led to the complete dominance of British rule when Madras Presidency was set up.
There were couple of regions that remained under French control – Pondicherry and Karaikal where you can still see the French culture. Tamil people were important part of the freedom movement of India and many of them played prominent role in that. Madras Presidency was disbanded nine years after the independence and the state of Tamil Nadu was established in the year of 1956.