Kolar, the district headquarters and an important town in Karnataka is situated in the southern region of this State and serves as the eastern-most district of the state. Bounded in the west by the Bangalore Rural district, in the north by west Chikballapur district, in the east by the Chittoor District of Andhra Pradesh and in the south by Vellore and Krishnagiri district of Tamil Nadu, Kolar was formerly known by various other names like Kuvalala, Kolahala and Kolala. Also known as Kolahalapura in the middle ages, Kolar was a battlefield for warring kingdoms ranging from Cholas in the south to Chalukyas in the north.
Kolar was the capital of the Ganga empire until the 4th century AD, after which the capital was shifted to Talakad in Mysore. In the year 1004 AD, the Cholas had annexed Kolar until 1116 AD. Under the reign of Vishnuvardhana (1108-1142 AD), Gangavadi was freed from the Cholas. In commemoration of his stunning victory, Chennakesava Temple or Vijayanarayana Temple was built at Belur. The other temples worth seeing are Someshwara Temple and Kolaramma Temple. Built in the 14th century Vijayanagara and Dravida Vimana style respectively, these temples are must-sees!