These days, Pune is the hub of established Marathi mores, in which learning, arts and crafts, and theatre are particular delight of place. Pune is gradually becoming a multi-ethnic city and is at this time a vital business centre. However, Pune hold s the traditional appeal and its many charming distinctiveness, as well as the all-pervading cyclists, rickshaws and a daily forty winks hour that is taken very seriously indeed.
In the second half of the19th century, when the museum culture was sweeping across India, the need was felt to display and encourage indigenous and traditional Indian process to manufacturing and artisanship. In Pune, distinguished personalities like Justice M.G. Ranade, Vishnushastri Chiplunkar, Bhausahen Natu, Gajendra Keer, Kero Laxman Chhatre and other came in concert and well thought-out an display of objects of 42 varieties at Walvekar Wada in Dane Ali. On show were raw materials, yarn and silk clothes, stuff made from wood, stone, clay and glass, paintings and statues, etc. The idea of the exhibition was to exhibit conventional skills and brings in alternatives, to support artisans making such items.
The objects put on display were finished in the neighborhood, which were trade in substitutes, and the demonstration and convention were to cheer resident manufacturers and artisans to advance their labors at self-sufficiency. The answer of the artisans and the visiting community encouraged the Poona Exhibition and Museum Committee to institute a permanent museum.
After independence, in order that the desire of Maharashtra in the post-independence epoch be reproduced by the museum, it was modernized to show through exhibits and other means, the past, art, traditions of Maharashtra and its socio-economic industrial time and the progress made; as also its relationship with life in other parts of India, the birth and development of various branches of science and their application in industry and agriculture. In birth centenary of Mahatma Phule, the Government of Maharashtra recommends to initiate changes in the museum and support it further. Sightseeing in Pune can indeed be very interesting.
The museum culture that had swept India in the late 19th century had left it with lots of museum. However, when the country gained independence, it was realized that only few of them were owned by the Government. Two such museums were the Prince of Wales Museum of Western India and the Lord Ray Industrial Museum of Pune, in which the then Bombay Government had a hand. The latter one was later renamed as the 'Mahatma Phule Museum'. Its management was then handed over to a board of trustees.