The land of sugar and rice, Mandya is a prominent agricultural district, formed in the year 1939. Blessed with the irrigation waters of river Cauvery and Hemavathi, half of the district countryside is lush in various hues of green throughout the year. About half of the agricultural land in the district receives assured irrigation from the Krishna Raj Sagar (KRS) and the Hemavathi reservoirs..
The other half is dependent on the South-West Monsoons. Paddy and Sugarcane are the main crops of the irrigated region. Ragi, Horsegram are the major crops of dry land agriculture. Agriculture is the main occupation of people in the district. Most of the industries that are run in the district depend on agriculture for their raw material. Sugar Mills, Jaggery making units, Rice Mills are the prominent industries of this district.
Mandya is the land of art, and culture. Drama is a passion of most people of this district. Mythological dramas are staged in many villages on regular basis. Folk theatre, dance and songs are an integral part of the rural life. Temple festivals and village festivals, called Jatras are performed with great enthusiasm and gaiety. These performances are marked by colorful traditions and fanfare.