The state of Nagaland is located in the far north-eastern part of India. Kohima is the capital of Nagaland. The state shares its borders with the other Indian states like those of Assam towards the west, in the north is Arunachal Pradesh and a portion of Assam, in the east is the country of Burma to the east , the state of Manipur is in the south. Dimapur is the largest city of Nagaland.
Nagaland was the 16th state of the Indian Union, and was created on the 1st of December in the year 1963. The state was divided into eleven districts: Phek, Longleng, Dimapur, Kohima, Tuensang, Wokha, Mokokchung, Zunheboto, Mon, Kiphire, and Peren. The most important activity in the state is agriculture. The main crops are potatoes corn, pulses, rice, millets, tobacco, oilseeds, sugarcane and fibres. Other economy boosters are forestry, cottage industries, insurance, real estate and tourism.
The state of Nagaland is spread in an area of 16,579 km and has a population of 1,980,602 and is therefore considered as one of the smallest states of India.
The terrain of the state is mostly mountainous except those areas bordering Assam valley. The highest peak in the state of Nagaland is Mount Saramati and is located at an altitude of 3,840 metres and this forms a natural barrier between the state of Nagaland and the neighboring country of Burma. The range of the Mount Saramati lies between the parallels of 98 degree and 96 degree East Longitude and 26.6 degree and 27.4 degree latitude north of the Equator.