Pattadakal, situated 20km from Badami, was once the secondary capital of the Badami Chalukyas. It is known for housing a beautiful cluster of temples that have collectively been declared as a World Heritage Site. Open between 6am-6pm, the ticket prices are Rs.10/250 for Indian/foreigner. Most of the temples in Pattadakal, were constructed during the 7th and 8th centuries AD, save a few that were built in the 3rd century AD. According to Historians, Pattadakal has served as a significant breeding and flourishing centre for the South Indian temple architecture. It saw the development of two main types of temple towers.
Curvilinear towers, the first one, top the Jambulinga, Galaganatha and Kadasiddeshwra temples and square roofs. The second set of towers, receding tiers, features in the Virupaksha, Mallikarjuna, and Sangameshwara temples. The main Virupaksha Temple, a huge structure, has its column surface intricately carved to display the episodes from the Ramayana and Mahabharata. There is a massive stone sculpture of Nandi sitting east to the temple. Lying next to the Virupaksha Temple is the Mallikarjuna Temple which is almost similar in design to the Virupaksha Temple. The Jain Papanatha Temple that lies about 500 m south to the main enclosure has its entrance bordered by elephant sculptures. The temple complex also hosts the annual Classical Dance Festival that takes place between January and February.