If you are interested in knowing a little more about the history of Delhi and Tughlak dynasty , then head towards the beautiful and historical Qutub Complex in Delhi. Way back in 1192, the defeat of King Prithviraj Chauhan had led to the beginning of the Islamic rule’ in India—with Muhammad Ghori occupying the throne of Delhi. This tyrant ruler had left the capital city of India in the hands of Qutub-ud-din Aibak, a Turkish general who had started his career as a Turkish slave. This gave rise to the so called “slave dynasty” in India.
The inspiring environs of the popular Qutub complex pay rich testimony to the presence of this dynasty and also have remnants of the Khalji and Tughlaq dynasties. After Qutub-ud-din Aibak occupied Delhi, he had ordered the dismantling of Jain and Hindu temples in the region and their ravaged parts were used to adorn and assemble numerous mosques--in and around the city of Delhi. Located close by is the famous Quwwat ul Islam Mosque (1192-98), which is flush with richly carved pillars, un-mosque-like statues, carvings of deities and a sprawling west-facing prayer hall.
The highlight of the Qutb Complex is obviously the Qutub Minar (1200-1210). The construction of this illustrious monument was initiated by Qutub-ud-din Aibak and was completed in the reign of his son-in-law, Iltutmish. The unique feature of Qutb Minar is its striking design-which tapers towards the top, thus adding an illusion of greater height and reducing the load on the storeys at the base. The two topmost storeys are distinct in style and look different from the others—as they are made in marble , while the rest of the structure is a classic in red sandstone. These two storeys were added by Firoz Shah Tughlaq, much later.
The other places worth a visit in this important sightseeing location is the tomb and madrasa, built by Iltutmish in 1235. These lesser known and dilapidated structures are simple in nature and draw you by their lace-like tracery of Quranic inscriptions and the presence of Naksh scripts all around. They are indeed striking and are likely to take your breath away.
Allauddin Khalji had built the Alai Darwaza (1311) present here and had also ordered the construction and commission of a minar—which was twice the height Qutub. However, he died before the task could reach its completion. Today, what remains is a huge foundation stump. The Iron Pillar of Mehrauli is a wonder in itself and stands in the tranquil courtyard of the complex. This interesting 5th-century relic bears interesting inscriptions which praise and eulogize the reign of the rulers of Gupta dynasty. Virtually rust-free, this pillar has been exposed to weather and other elements for more than 16 centuries. A must visit indeed!
|Indian fees||Rs 10/-|
|Foreign Tourists Fee||Rs 250/-|
|Timings||All days of the week 5:30 AM - 7:00 PM |
|Visit Duration||2 to 3 hours|