Sikkim is one of the seven sister states from the north eastern part of India. The beautiful state is quite popular for its serene beauty, Buddhist culture and various tourist destinations. Sikkim is a home to Lepchas people who migrated here from either Assam state or Burma in the thirteen century. Later on Bhutia people also came here from Tibet during the 15th century which led to the formation of a strong Buddhist culture here. When the three Tibetan refugee lamas met here, the location is known as Yuksom, the Nyingmapa form of Tibetan Buddhism marked its beginning in India. And then began the culture of crowning the kings in Sikkim. In 1641, they crowned Phuntsog Mamgyal as first king of Sikkim. The capital initially was Yuksom which was later moved to Rabdentse and then to Tumlong. When Nepalis invaded the state, the capital finally moved to Gangtok and still lies there. There was a time when the king of Sikkim was very powerful and the state also included eastern Nepal, upper Bengal and Darjeeling. In 1835 Britishers paid hefty amounts of money to the king to cede Darjeeling to the East India Company. Other parts of the state were also getting weaker due to the clashes with Bhutan and Nepal. A number of migrants had moved from Nepal which formed the majority population in today’s Sikkim.
Tibet had always regarded Sikkim as a Vassal state and therefore was not in the agreement of British negotiations. There was an attack by Tibet on to Sikkim in 1886, which was retaliated by British Army. After the independence of India from British rule, Sikkim was made a part of India. But the king was still ruling the state. Sikkim’s last king ruled from 1963 to 1975 when the Indian government deposed him. China has always had conflicts with the northeastern states of India especially Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim. China did not even recognize that Sikkim was a part of India until 2005 when the talks were made. India has worked really hard on the state and spent huge sums of money to develop the infrastructure and improve the living conditions in the state. Therefore Sikkim has emerged has a beautiful state and is a paradise to most of the tourists. Located at the farthest northeastern part, it is definitely an incredible state of incredible India.