Probably constructed under the aegis of King Kopperunjingan who ruled from 1229 to 1278, the Thillai Kali Amman Temple is a known Shakti Stahla. Located on the northern part of the Chidambarm temple, the Thillai Kali Amman Temple is very popular and devotees come here to seek blessings and ask for health and prosperity. According to legends, Shiva and Shakti decided to compete to decide who is a better dancer. During the course of the dance in which they were copying each other’s movements, Shiva struck a pose with his leg raised high in the air. Shakti being a woman could not follow as this would have compromised her modesty and hence lost to him. Following the rules of the dance contest, Shakti had to leave the spot and reside outside. She did so and moved to the edge of the complex, and a Kali temple was established there and dedicated to her.