The state of Uttar Pradesh is located in the northwestern part of India. This state was created on the 1st of April in the year 1937, as the United Provinces and later on after the States Reorganisation Act was passed; this was later renamed as Uttar Pradesh in 1950. The capital of Uttar Pradesh is Lucknow. The major economic and industrial town of the state is Kanpur. The state shares its borders with the other Indian state of Delhi and Haryana in the Northwest; Rajasthan to the west, in the North is Uttarakhand and the country of Nepal, Bihar in the east, and Jharkhand to the southeast, and Madhya Pradesh to the southwest. The state is spread in an area of 93,933 square miles (243,290 km), which is equivalent to 6.88% of the total area of India, and is also regarded as the fifth largest Indian state by area.
The state of Uttar Pradesh is regarded as the most populous state in the country along with being the most populous country subdivision in the whole world. The mainly spoken language as well as the official language of the state is Hindi and is spoken in almost 75 districts in the state.
The Indian state of Uttar Pradesh is considered to be the second largest Indian state by economy, and has recorded a Gross domestic product of an average of 708,000 Crore Indian rupees. The largest contributors to the economy are agriculture and service industries. The service sector mostly comprises of hotels industry, insurance, travel and tourism, real estate, and financial consultancies.
In the ancient times the state of Uttar Pradesh was home of the powerful empires of the Gupta, Kushan, Magadha, Nanda, Pala Mauryan, Sunga, Gurjara, Rashtrakuta, and Mughal empires. The main rivers of the state are Ganga and Yamuna, and these further join at Prayag, the city of Allahabad and then flow as the Ganga further east. There are many natural, religious as well as historical tourist destinations like Varanasi, Shravasti, Kaushambi, Meerut, Taj Mahal, Chitrakoot, Piprahwa, Lucknow, Ballia, Kushinagar, Jhansi, Allahabad, and Mathura.
In the year 2000, on the 9th of November 2000, a new state by the name of Uttarakhand, was created from the mountainous Himalayan region of Uttar Pradesh, of which Dehra Dun is the capital city.